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Intent各种跳转-intent跳转activity大全

作者:网络 发表于: 2016-09-02 点击: 593 次

现在开发中的功能需要直接跳转到拨号、联系人、短信界面等等,查找了很多资料,自己整理了一下。
首先,我们先看拨号界面,代码如下:

Intent intent =new Intent();  
            intent.setAction(“android.intent.action.CALL_BUTTON”);  
            startActivity(intent);  
和   

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“tel:xxxxxx”);   
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);     
startActivity(intent);  
两者都行   
但是如果是跳转到应用,使用一下代码:

Intent intent= new Intent(“android.intent.action.DIAL”);   
intent.setClassName(“com.android.contacts”,”com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity”);  

到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:到通话记录界面:

Intent intent=new Intent();  
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_CALL_BUTTON);  
startActivity(intent);  
到联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();   
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
startActivity(intent);   
同理,到应用:

Intent intent= new Intent(“com.android.contacts.action.LIST_STREQUENT”);   
intent.setClassName(“com.android.contacts”,”com.android.contacts.DialtactsActivity”);  
调用联系人界面:

Intent intent = new Intent();   
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_PICK);   
intent.setData(Contacts.People.CONTENT_URI);   
startActivity(intent);   
插入联系人

Intent intent=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_EDIT,Uri.parse(“content://com.android.contacts/contacts/”+”1”));  
startActivity(intent);  
到联系人列表界面

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_INSERT_OR_EDIT);  
            intent.setType(“vnd.android.cursor.item/person”);  
            intent.setType(“vnd.android.cursor.item/contact”);  
            intent.setType(“vnd.android.cursor.item/raw_contact”);  
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.NAME, name);  
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.COMPANY,company);  
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE, tel);  
            intent.putExtra(android.provider.ContactsContract.Intents.Insert.PHONE_TYPE, 3);  
到短信界面:

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);  
                intent.setType(“vnd.android-dir/mms-sms”);  
//              intent.setData(Uri.parse(“content://mms-sms/conversations/”));//此为号码  
                startActivity(intent);  

到应用:

Intent intent = new Intent(“android.intent.action.CONVERSATION”);  
startActivity(intent);  

以下是在网上找到的其他方法:
1.从google搜索内容

Intent intent = new Intent();   
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);   
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,”searchString”)   
startActivity(intent);   

2.浏览网页

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“http://www.google.com”);   
Intent it   = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);   
startActivity(it);   

3.显示地图

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“geo:38.899533,-77.036476”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);   
startActivity(it);   

4.路径规划

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);   
startActivity(it);  

5.拨打电话

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“tel:xxxxxx”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);     
startActivity(it);  

uri = Uri.parse(“tel:”+number);    
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL,uri);    
                startActivity(intent);   

其中不同自己试验一下就知道了。 

6.调用发短信的程序

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);     
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “The SMS text”);     
it.setType(“vnd.android-dir/mms-sms”);     
startActivity(it);  

uri = Uri.parse(“smsto:”+要发送短信的对方的number);    
                intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO,uri);    
                startActivity(intent);    

mIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);    
        mIntent.putExtra(“address”, c.getString(c.getColumnIndex(column)));    
        mIntent.setType(“vnd.android-dir/mms-sms”);    
        startActivity(mIntent);    

7.发送短信

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“smsto:0800000123”);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);     
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “The SMS text”);     
startActivity(it);   
String body=”this is sms demo”;   
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts(“smsto”, number, null));   
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);   
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);   
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);   
startActivity(mmsintent);<span style=”font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);”> </span>  

8.发送彩信

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“content://media/external/images/media/23”);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “some text”);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);     
it.setType(“image/png”);     
startActivity(it);   
StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();   
sb.append(“file://”);   
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());   
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts(“mmsto”, number, null));   
// Below extra datas are all optional.   
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);   
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);   
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());   
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);   
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);   
startActivity(intent);   
9.发送Email

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“mailto:[email protected]”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
startActivity(it);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, “[email protected]”);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, “The email body text”);     
it.setType(“text/plain”);     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”));   
Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);       
String[] tos={“[email protected]”};       
String[] ccs={“[email protected]”};       
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);       
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);       
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, “The email body text”);       
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, “The email subject text”);       
it.setType(“message/rfc822”);       
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”));     
  
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, “The email subject text”);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, “file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3”);     
sendIntent.setType(“audio/mp3”);     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”));   

10.播放多媒体

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“file:///sdcard/song.mp3”);   
it.setDataAndType(uri, “audio/mp3”);   
startActivity(it);   
Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, “1”);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);     
startActivity(it);   
11.uninstall apk

Uri uri = Uri.fromParts(“package”, strPackageName, null);     
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);     
startActivity(it);  

12.install apk

Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts(“package”, “xxx”, null);   
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);   

13. 打开照相机

<1>Intent i = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CAMERA_BUTTON, null);   
          this.sendBroadcast(i);   
    <2>long dateTaken = System.currentTimeMillis();   
         String name = createName(dateTaken) + “.jpg”;   
         fileName = folder + name;   
         ContentValues values = new ContentValues();   
         values.put(Images.Media.TITLE, fileName);   
         values.put(“_data”, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.PICASA_ID, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.Media.DESCRIPTION, fileName);   
         values.put(Images.ImageColumns.BUCKET_DISPLAY_NAME, fileName);   
         Uri photoUri = getContentResolver().insert(   
                   MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, values);   
             
         Intent inttPhoto = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);   
         inttPhoto.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, photoUri);   
         startActivityForResult(inttPhoto, 10);   

14.从gallery选取图片

Intent i = new Intent();   
        i.setType(“image/*”);   
        i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
        startActivityForResult(i, 11);   

15. 打开录音机

Intent mi = new Intent(Media.RECORD_SOUND_ACTION);   
         startActivity(mi);   
16.显示应用详细列表

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“market://details?id=app_id”);          
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);          
startActivity(it);          
//where app_id is the application ID, find the ID           
//by clicking on your application on Market home           
//page, and notice the ID from the address bar<span style=”font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);”>    </span>  
刚才找app id未果,结果发现用package name也可以 Uri uri = Uri.parse(“market://details?id=<packagename>”);
这个简单多了 

17寻找应用

Uri uri = Uri.parse(“market://search?q=pname:pkg_name”);          
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);          
startActivity(it);   
//where pkg_name is the full package path for an application<span style=”font-family:Simsun;white-space: normal; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);”>     </span>  
18打开联系人列表

<1>             
         Intent i = new Intent();   
         i.setAction(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
         i.setType(“vnd.android.cursor.item/phone”);   
         startActivityForResult(i, REQUEST_TEXT);   
  
lt;2>   
        Uri uri = Uri.parse(“content://contacts/people”);   
        Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, uri);   
        startActivityForResult(it, REQUEST_TEXT);   

19 打开另一程序

Intent i = new Intent();   
         ComponentName cn = new ComponentName(“com.yellowbook.android2”,   
                   “com.yellowbook.android2.AndroidSearch”);   
         i.setComponent(cn);   
         i.setAction(“android.intent.action.MAIN”);   
         startActivityForResult(i, RESULT_OK);   

20 添加到短信收件箱20 添加到短信收件箱

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();        
                 cv.put(“type”, “1”);     
 cv.put(“address”,”短信地址”);    
 cv.put(“body”, “短信内容”);     
 getContentResolver().insert(Uri.parse(“content://sms/inbox”), cv);  

21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询21 从sim卡或者联系人中查询

Cursor cursor;    
         Uri uri;    
         if (type == 1) {    
             Intent intent = new Intent();    
             intent.setData(Uri.parse(“content://icc/adn”));    
             uri = intent.getData();    
         } else    
             uri = People.CONTENT_URI;    
     
         cursor = activity.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);    
 while (cursor.moveToNext()) {    
   
  int peopleId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People._ID);  
   
  int nameId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NAME);   
   
  int phoneId = cursor.getColumnIndex(People.NUMBER);}  
查看某个联系人,当然这里是ACTION_VIEW,如果为选择并返回action改为ACTION_PICK,当然处理intent时返回需要用到startActivityforResult
Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, ID);//最后的ID参数为联系人Provider中的数据库BaseID,即哪一行
Intent intent = new Intent(); intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW); intent.setData(personUri); startActivity(intent);

22 删除

uri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, 联系人id);    
         int count = activity.getContentResolver().delete(uri, null, null);    

23 添加到联系人

ContentValues cv = new ContentValues();    
                     ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> operationList = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>();    
                     ContentProviderOperation.Builder builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI);    
                     builder.withValues(cv);    
                     operationList.add(builder.build());    
                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);    
                     builder.withValueBackReference(StructuredName.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);    
                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);    
                     builder.withValue(StructuredName.DISPLAY_NAME, “自定义联系人名”);    
                     operationList.add(builder.build());    
                     builder = ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(Data.CONTENT_URI);    
                     builder.withValueBackReference(Phone.RAW_CONTACT_ID, 0);    
                     builder.withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE);    
                     builder.withValue(Phone.NUMBER, “联系人的phonenumber”);    
                     builder.withValue(Data.IS_PRIMARY, 1);    
                     operationList.add(builder.build());    
                     try {    
                         getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY, operationList);    
                     } catch (RemoteException e) {    
                         e.printStackTrace();    
                     } catch (OperationApplicationException e) {    
                         e.printStackTrace();    
                     }    
 
23 选择一个图片
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);   
intent.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);  
 intent.setType(“image/*”);  
 startActivityForResult(intent, 0);   

24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置24 调用Android设备的照相机,并设置拍照后存放位置
Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);  
intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment .getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+”/cwj”, android123 + “.jpg”))); //存放位置为sdcard卡上cwj文件夹,文件名为android123.jpg格式  
startActivityForResult(intent, 0);  
25 在market上搜索指定package name,比如搜索com.android123.cwj的写法如下
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“market://search?q=pname:com.android123.cwj”);  
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri); startActivity(intent);  

26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开26获取文件信息,并使用相对应软件打开
private void openFile(File f)    
 {    
   Intent intent = new Intent();    
   intent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);    
   intent.setAction(android.content.Intent.ACTION_VIEW);    
   String type = getMIMEType(f);    
   intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(f), type);    
   startActivity(intent);    
 }    
   
 private String getMIMEType(File f){    
   String end = f    
       .getName()    
       .substring(f.getName().lastIndexOf(“.”) + 1,    
           f.getName().length()).toLowerCase();    
   String type = “”;    
   if (end.equals(“mp3”) || end.equals(“aac”) || end.equals(“aac”)    
       || end.equals(“amr”) || end.equals(“mpeg”)    
       || end.equals(“mp4”))    
   {    
     type = “audio”;    
   } else if (end.equals(“jpg”) || end.equals(“gif”)    
       || end.equals(“png”) || end.equals(“jpeg”))    
   {    
     type = “image”;    
   } else    
   {    
     type = “*”;    
   }    
   type += “/*”;    
   return type;    
 }   
 
1.从google搜索内容
Intent intent = new Intent();
intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_WEB_SEARCH);
intent.putExtra(SearchManager.QUERY,”searchString”)
startActivity(intent);
2.浏览网页
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“http://www.google.com”);
Intent it  = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);
 
3.显示地图
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“geo:38.899533,-77.036476”);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.Action_VIEW,uri);
startActivity(it);

4.路径规划
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“http://maps.google.com/maps?f=dsaddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en”);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW,URI);
startActivity(it);

5.拨打电话
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“tel:xxxxxx”);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);  
startActivity(it); 
 
6.调用发短信的程序
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);   
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “The SMS text”);   
it.setType(“vnd.android-dir/mms-sms”);   
startActivity(it); 
 
7.发送短信
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“smsto:0800000123”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);   
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “The SMS text”);   
startActivity(it);

String body=”this is sms demo”;
Intent mmsintent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts(“smsto”, number, null));
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, true);
mmsintent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, true);
startActivity(mmsintent); 
 
8.发送彩信
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“content://media/external/images/media/23”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(“sms_body”, “some text”);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);   
it.setType(“image/png”);   
startActivity(it);

StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
sb.append(“file://”);
sb.append(fd.getAbsoluteFile());
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts(“mmsto”, number, null));
// Below extra datas are all optional.
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_SUBJECT, subject);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_MESSAGE_BODY, body);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_CONTENT_URI, sb.toString());
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_COMPOSE_MODE, composeMode);
intent.putExtra(Messaging.KEY_ACTION_SENDTO_EXIT_ON_SENT, exitOnSent);
startActivity(intent);

9.发送Email
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“mailto:[email protected]”);
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
startActivity(it);

Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, “[email protected]”);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, “The email body text”);   
it.setType(“text/plain”);   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”)); 

Intent it=new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);     
String[] tos={“[email protected]”};     
String[] ccs={“[email protected]”};     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, “The email body text”);     
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, “The email subject text”);     
it.setType(“message/rfc822”);     
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”));   
 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, “The email subject text”);   
it.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, “file:///sdcard/mysong.mp3”);   
sendIntent.setType(“audio/mp3”);   
startActivity(Intent.createChooser(it, “Choose Email Client”));

10.播放多媒体  
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
Uri uri = Uri.parse(“file:///sdcard/song.mp3”);
it.setDataAndType(uri, “audio/mp3”);
startActivity(it);

Uri uri = Uri.withAppendedPath(MediaStore.Audio.Media.INTERNAL_CONTENT_URI, “1”);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);   
startActivity(it); 

11.uninstall apk
Uri uri = Uri.fromParts(“package”, strPackageName, null);   
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);   
startActivity(it);

12.install apk
Uri installUri = Uri.fromParts(“package”, “xxx”, null);
returnIt = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, installUri);

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